Commercial and Mercantile Law Services in Barcelona

Our commercial law experts can help you with writing, reviewing, and editing your commercial contracts in Spain. Whether you are a start-up or international corporation, we can help you expand securely in Spain. With our broad experience, we will be able to offer clear advice. Within the dynamic and always changing Spanish mercantile law, we are able to offer you traditional and tailor-made solutions.

Commercial and Mercantile Law in Barcelona

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    What can our commercial lawyer do for you

    Our office in Barcelona offers a wide range of services related to sales, commerce, merchandising, and (international) trade. We can deal with aspects of your business that are related to:

    • Obligations to insurance and social security
    • Contracts and partnerships
    • Restructuring, insolvency, and bankruptcy
    • Tax and finance
    • Legal and contractual frameworks and documentation
    • Negotation
    • Portfolio management
    • Intellectual property rights and registrations
    • Unfair competition and antitrust
    • Environmental regulations

    Our lawyers have a commercial awareness in Barcelona which will help you with your commercial dealings. Contact us if you would like to learn more about our services.

    Legal experts for your company

    Commercial & Mercantile law dealings are with regulating relations between companies and their legal issues. With this, our commercial lawyer can help you with a wide range of specialties, from labour law, criminal law, and even private international law. We can make sure your commercial transaction will go smoothly, and protect your business interest by managing the legal risks for you.

    Our lawyers are ready to assist you with writing contracts, disclaimers and make your business compliant with the regulations in Spain, and protected from allegations. We can make your company secure with a solid commercial law strategy. Contact us to get an appointment with a commercial lawyer.

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    From startup to corporate, and everything in between.

    Frequently asked questions about Spanish Commercial and Mercantile Law

    Yes, you can, as long as you have a valid and legal residency in the country. Now, if you intend to own and also work in said company, you will need to have a work permit or visa for self-employment.

    You will need the following:

    • To have a legal and valid residency in the country
    • To be of legal age (at least 18 years old)
    • To not have any criminal records for the past 5 years
    • To have health insurance in the country
    • To be able to prove to have sufficient resources for board and lodging as well as the necessary investment to start operating
    • That the idea of the company has the capacity of creating jobs and is of economic interest for the country
    • To have the required education and experience for the project
    • To comply with the current regulations on opening requirements on the type of business

    There are 16 types of companies that can be created in Spain, depending on how many partners or investors and the amount of the initial investment, and the responsibilities of the partners. The most common are:

    • Individual or Autonomous – One partner, no initial investment required
    • Civil Society – At least 2 partners, no minimum initial investment established
    • Collective Society – At least 2 partners, no minimum initial investment established
    • Limited Responsibility Society – At least 1 partner, minimum initial investment of 3.000€
    • Anonymous Society – At least 1 partner, minimum initial investment of 60.000€
    • Anonymous Labour Society – At least 2 partners, minimum initial investment of 60.000€
    • Cooperative Society – At least 3 partners, initial investment established by bylaws
    • Professional Society – At least 1 partner, initial investment, according to the social form: limited or anonymous

    You need to obtain the “Negative Certification” of the company name at the Registro Mercantil Central. This is what credits the exclusiveness and non existence of another company with the same name. It can be done in person, by mail or website.

    If you meet the previous requirements, you will need to submit at your country’s Consular Office, original and copy of the following documents:

    • 2 copies of the EX-07 application, completed and signed.
    • Copy of Passport with at least 4 months of validity.
    • Proof of job training and professional qualification legally demanded to exercise the profession.
    • Demonstrate your own investment capacity or economic endorsement from a financial institution.
    • Business plan, specifying the company’s nature, characteristics, sources of investment and viability of the project.
    • Payment of residence and work fees.
    • Proof of payment of 60 euros of visa fee.

    The viability must be credited by a Professional and competent organization such as:

    • National Federation of Business men and autonomous workers/ Federación Nacional de Asociaciones de Empresarios y Trabajadores Autónomos (ATA)
    • Professional and Autonomous Workers Union / Unión de Profesionales y Trabajadores Autónomos (UPTA)
    • Intersectoral Confederation of Autonomous of the Spanish State / Confederación Intersectorial de Autónomos del Estado Español (CIAE)
    • Professionals and Autonomous Organization / Organización de Profesionales y Autónomos (OPA)
    • Entrepreneurs and Autonomous workers Associations Unión / Unión de Asociaciones de Trabajadores Autónomos y Emprendedores (UATAE).

    First, you need to formally apply at the Spanish Office of Patents and Branding /Oficina Española de Patentes y Marcas (OEPM), the application must contain:

    • Instance addressed to the Director of the Industrial Property Director
    • Description of the invention
    • One or two vindications, they must be clear and concise
    • Drawings or pictures of the described item
    • Summary of the invention

    Once applied, you will need to pay the 600€ fees.

    Yes, they do, for several reasons such as the ending of the concession period, resignation of the owner, lack of annual fees payment or for the no exploitation on the 2 years after the first license is granted.

    If your patent expired for lack of payment, you can retrieve it by justifying the lack of payment.

    The duration of a patent is 20 years since the moment when the application is submitted. To keep it valid and in force, it is necessary to pay the annual fees from its concession.

    Yes. As in 2015, you can. First, the debt must be under 5 million euros (5.000.000€), you can’t have any sentencing of crimes related to property, documentary falsity, estate, social security of workers rights in the previous decade.

    When a bankruptcy is legally declared, a company enters a “Concurso de Acreedores” or “Insolvency proceedings” to examine whether the bankrupt’s estate can be liquidated with the intention of meeting their obligations.

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